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By Maria Rosa Antognazza

Of the entire thinkers of the century of genius that inaugurated smooth philosophy, none lived an highbrow lifestyles extra wealthy and sundry than Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). proficient as a jurist and hired as a counsellor, librarian, and historian, he made recognized contributions to good judgment, arithmetic, physics, and metaphysics, but seen his personal aspirations as eventually moral and theological, and married those theoretical issues with politics, international relations, and an both huge variety of useful reforms: juridical, financial, administrative, technological, scientific, and ecclesiastical. Maria Rosa Antognazza's pioneering biography not just surveys the complete breadth and intensity of those theoretical pursuits and useful actions, it additionally weaves them jointly for the 1st time right into a unified portrait of this targeted philosopher and the area from which he got here. on the centre of the large diversity of Leibniz's it seems that miscellaneous endeavours, Antognazza finds a unmarried grasp undertaking lending cohesion to his terribly multifaceted life's paintings. in the course of the vicissitudes of his lengthy lifestyles, Leibniz tenaciously pursued the dream of a scientific reform and development of the entire sciences, to be undertaken as a collaborative company supported through an enlightened ruler; those theoretical goals have been in flip eventually grounded in a realistic aim: the development of the human and thereby the occasion of the distinction of God in His construction. in addition to tracing the threads of continuity that sure those theoretical and useful actions to this all-embracing plan, this illuminating research additionally strains those threads again into the highbrow traditions of the Holy Roman Empire within which Leibniz lived and through the broader highbrow networks that associated him to buyers in international locations as far-off as Russia and to correspondents as some distance afield as China.

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Cf. Mercer, Leibniz’s Metaphysics, pp. –. . Cf. Jakob Thomasius, De Sectarum Conciliationibus. Praemissa Disputationi, habitae Anno . d. . Junii. De Quaestione: an Deus sit down materia prima? Resp. Joh. Friderico Hekelio, Gerano. In Jakob Thomasius, Praefationes sub auspicia Disputationum suarum in Academiˆa Lipsiensi, recitatae, Argumenti varii. Lipsiae: Apud Johann. Fuhrmannum & Matthaeum Ritterum, , pp. – (esp. p. ). See additionally Adversus Philosophos Novantiquos. In Jakob Thomasius, Dissertationes LXIII: argumenti magnam partem advert historiam philosophicam & ecclesiasticam pertinentes. Halae Magdeburgicae: Impensis J. F. Zeitleri,  and D¨oring, Der junge Leibniz und Leipzig, pp. –.  younger Vocations (–) . at the Dutch culture mostly see C. Louise Thijssen-Schoute, Nederlands cartesianisme. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitg. Mij. , ; Edward G. Ruestow, Physics in th and th-Century Leiden. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, , esp. pp. –; Theo Verbeek, “Dutch Cartesian Philosophy. ” In A better half to Early smooth Philosophy. Ed. by means of Steven Nadler. Oxford: Blackwell, , pp. –. On Clauberg and Duisburg see esp. Francesco Trevisani, Descartes in Germania. l. a. ricezione del cartesianismo nella Facolt`a filosofica e medica di Duisburg –. Milan, ; Theo Verbeek, ed. , Johannes Clauberg (– ) and Cartesian Philosophy within the 17th Century. Dordrecht: Kluwer, . On their dating with Leibniz see for example Jean-Christophe Bardout, “Johannes Clauberg. ” In A spouse to Early smooth Philosophy. Ed. by way of Steven Nadler. Oxford: Blackwell, , p. ; Christia Mercer, “The Seventeenth-Century Debate among the Moderns and the Aristotelians: Leibniz and Philosophia Reformata. ” Studia Leibnitiana supplementa  (): – ; Mercer, “Clauberg, Corporeal Substance, and the German reaction. ” In Johannes Clauberg. Ed. by way of T. Verbeek. Dordrecht: Kluwer, , pp. – ; Mercer, “Mechanizing Aristotle: Leibniz and Reformed Philosophy. ” In reviews in Seventeenth-Century ecu Philosophy. Ed. via M. A. Stewart. Oxford: Clarendon Press, , pp. –; Mercer, Leibniz’s Metaphysics, p.  n. . . Leibniz’s word (probably written throughout the s) released in Alexandre Foucher de Careil, M´emoire sur los angeles philosophie de Leibniz, Paris: F. R. de Rudeval, , half I, pp. –. Cf. Mercer, Leibniz’s Metaphysics, p. . . See A II, . . A VI, , . . See Discours de M´etaphysique,  (A VI, , ) and Leibniz to Ernst von Hessen-Rheinfels, undated (GP II, ). Cf. Aiton, Leibniz, p. . . A VI, , . a close dialogue of the Disputatio Metaphysica de Principio Individui is on the market through J. A. conceal and John O’Leary-Hawthorne, Substance and Individuation in Leibniz. Cambridge: Cambridge collage Press, , pp. –. . the significance of Weigel for the advance of Leibniz’s idea is said intimately by means of Moll, Der junge Leibniz, vol. I. . Cf. Mercer, “The younger Leibniz and His Teachers,” specially pp.  and  and Mercer, Leibniz’s Metaphysics, pp.

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